Human milk banks are services installed to facilitate collection, screen, process, sort and distributed donated breast milk. Milk banks adopt different policies in dispensing the banked milk. In certain cases, milk is supplied for adopted babies and in other for older children who have developed severe food allergies.
Human milk banks is a community of Health Professionals and volunteers who freely agree to donate their time, energy and enthusiasm to promote the dispensation of mother's milk to infants deprived of it and are united in the belief that such service will play a pivotal role in ensuring optimal health for children.Who can be a donor?
The generally accepted donor qualifications for mothers are as follows:
- Mothers who can spare their excess milk after satisfactorily satisfying babies' needs.
- Women who possess excellent health with no traces of any chronic ailment.
- Mothers who have been away from reception of blood on account of accidents or so in last one year.
- Mothers who have not fallen prey to Hepatitis and keep away from illicit drug usage.
- Mothers with a clean history of not making any physical contact with someone running the risk of HIV or AIDS.
- A non smoker
- Mothers who are not prescribed any herbal product or continuous medication except the mild birth control pills
- Mothers who are motivated to execute punctilious milk storage and collection
- Mothers who underwent blood testing
- Who have signed authorization forms endorsed by healthcare providers.
How donors are screened?
- Potential donors have to pass through rigorous all round assessment of lactation and screening of medical history Milk Bank authorities to ascertain fulfillment of health requirements.
- Vital information about past medical history pertaining to medications record, hepatitis, blood products or blood use, tuberculosis and herpes is obtained from mother's physician. Signed consent is religiously sought from providers of health care for donor and her baby.
- Blood samples of potential donors are clinically checked for traces of HIV , HTLV-I&II, Hepatitis C and B, and syphilis.
- Detailed guidance is provided to donors relating to hygienic collection, storage and transportation of milk.
Collected milk is made to undergo pasteurization at 62.5° C minimum for half an hour. This process gets the milk rid of HIV, cytomegalovirus and other viruses while making no compromise on the health giving immune properties, nutrients and other vital components of biological fluid. Performance of culture after pasteurization ensures compliance to set standards allowing no bacterial flourish and sterility of milk.Types of Banked Human Milk
Full Term in a Hospital When Donor's baby takes birth after gestation of thirty six weeks Preterm of the duration. The baby of Donor's took birth at or before the thirty six weeks gestation Non dairy which is played a very important role in this diet progress. Donor's diet is free of any dairy products. Mother breast milk and human milk bank is a great way to start a life for a new born baby.
Most bioactive properties seen in human milk remain viable after pasteurization. Human milk bank is a great way of assuring optimal health of infants without exposing them to hard formula fed products that is tough to digest and lacks on nutrition front. Local human milk banks complying with Government standards should be preferred.