Banked human milk is considered next best biological fluid for infants after mother's milk.
Banked milk is utilized in Neonatal Intensive Care Units for treatment of adverse conditions pertaining to infants like malabsorption, prematurity, short gut syndrome, nephritic syndrome, various congenital anomalies, intractable diarrhea, formula intolerance, inability to thrive and immunity related deficiencies.
Donor's milk offers the benefits of human milk for the infant deprived of mother's milk in the form of easy digestibility, optimal nutrition, immunological protection against numerous antigens and diseases and supplying the body with infection fighting components such as immunoglobulin.
Most babies won't survive without breast milk and hence milk banks exist. Formula intolerance, allergic symptoms, failure to thrive syndrome and other acute medical conditions require that infants be fed only on human milk for survival.
Inconsolable whining or crying extending for a stretched period of time accompanied by intermittent vomiting and emergence of classic allergy symptoms like purple circles beneath the eye, skin inflammation, and bloody stools frequently all call for human milk. Milk banks are sure means of obtaining breast milk.
Milk banks are a boon for orphans who have been tragically separated from their mothers.
Human infants at birth are deficient in mucosal secretory immunity, and if born prematurely are also relatively deprived of transplacentally acquired circulating antibodies. The intricacy of the immunological relationship between the mother's microbial environment and the specificity of secretory immunoglobulin's' in her milk suggests that breast milk's immunoglobulin play an important role in protecting the child. A child who is formula fed will be deprived of this vital component. Human milk banks serve to provide babies with mother milks that will supplement their needs of immunoglobulin.
Milk banks provide a safety net for mothers unable to express all the milk their babies need.
Breast milk from milk banks can be administered to adults to lessen infections among them after undergoing liver transplants with excellent results.
Milk banks serves as a repository of knowledge for human milk experts providing vital information to the medical community and fostering scientific research on the unique properties of human milk.
Milk banks acts as substitute for the practice of wet nursing of past where the child ran the risk of contracting fatal infections from the feeding nurse.
Milk banks provide access to this vital biological fluid for babies whose mothers have an infection that could be passed on to them through breast feeding, like HIV or hepatitis B and C or some health problems that prevents mothers from breast feeding infants.
Mothers with insufficient milk glands, having history of a past breast surgery or taking medication like chemotherapy for Cancer can rely on milk banks to build up the immune system of their children.
The above arguments regarding the potential benefits of mother's milk clearly underpin that human milk cannot be ideally substituted by any nourishing formula products which may even prove to be fatal. Milk banks are sure means of respite for babies deprived of breast feeding on any ground.